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        #129: Songs Cowboys Sang

        作者:Harold Braverman 發布日期:6-20-2013

        A cowboy with his horse
        A cowboy with his horse

        BOB DOUGHTY:? Welcome to THE MAKING OF A NATION - American history in VOA Special English.

        Last week, we talked about the growth of the cattle industry.? This industry started in Texas during the eighteen seventies. ?With its growth came a new kind of worker -- the man who watched and took care of the cattle. These men who watched the cows and rode with them as they moved across the wild lands were often young.? Just boys.? And so they were called "cowboys."

        19世紀70年代,德克薩斯州的養牛業開始興起,隨之出現了一個新的行業--照看牛群的人。他們大多是年輕小伙子,有的甚至還是孩子。他們負責巡視牛群,與牛群一同穿過荒野。他們就是人們所說的"牛仔"。

        This week in our series, Kay Gallant tells what life was like for the early American cowboy.

        KAY GALLANT:? People all over the world have seen all sorts of films about the cowboy. And he is often shown in television shows. But the real life of the cowboy is not often shown. His work has been hard, and his life lonely and full of danger.

        世界各地的人都看過各種反映牛仔生活的電影或電視。但是牛仔們真實的生活通常并不為世人所知。他們的生活是辛苦的,孤獨的,還充滿危險。

        The cowboy has told his own story in many songs and ballads. Hundreds of these have come from cowboys whose names are not known. They just sang these songs as they rode on the saddles of their horses across the cattle lands. Or, as they sat at their campfires at night.

        牛仔們通過許多歌曲和民謠講述自己的故事。千百支這樣的歌曲就通過那些不知名的牛仔口口相傳。他們騎著馬,在白天趕牛的路上唱,在夜晚歇腳的篝火邊唱。

        They sang about the things that were close to them. Horses and cows and danger and death. Often, they sang about the long ride to the cattle markets where the cows were sold for beef, as in this song called, "Git Along Little Dogie."

        他們唱的大都是身邊的事:關于馬、牛、危險和死亡。通常,他們歌唱自己趕牛到牛肉市場這漫長旅途上的見聞和感受。比如這首"Git Along Little Dogie"--《小牛跟上》。

        Dogie is another name for a young cow, especially one which wanders away from the herd. The song tells how the young cowboy keeps driving the dogies forward. He feels sorry for them, because they will soon be sold for meat. But that's their hard luck, not his. And he keeps pushing them on while he sings.

        Dogie是對小牛的一種叫法,特別是那些離群、迷途的小牛。這首歌曲表達的是年輕的牛仔如何讓這些迷途小牛繼續與牛群一起前行。牛仔們內心很悲傷,因為這些小牛很快將被賣掉,任人宰割。不過,這只能怪小牛命不好,和牛仔無關。所以,牛仔還是一邊唱著歌曲,一邊趕著這些小牛。

        (MUSIC)

        One of the most famous of cowboy ballads is this one, called "The Chisholm Trail."

        牛仔民謠中最著名的是"The Chisholm Trail"--《奇舍姆小路》。

        (MUSIC)

        Day and night, the horse was at the cowboy's side. A cowboy was as proud of his horse as he was of his skill in riding him. There is this feeling in the song "I Ride an Old Paint." ?A paint, or pinto, is a horse of three or more different colors.

        無論是白天還是黑夜,馬總是陪在牛仔身邊。牛仔對他的坐騎很自豪,就像對自己的高超騎術感到自豪一樣。"I Ride an Old Paint"我騎著一匹老花馬這首歌曲表達的就是這種情緒。

        (MUSIC)

        The cattle herds were driven a very long way to the cattle markets and had to be kept and watched on the open trail for many weeks. And the trail took the cowboys over rough country in all kinds of weather. The wild prairie lands were not friendly to men or animals. It was a lonely land. And the howling of wolves and winds at night made it more so.

        把牛群趕到牛市需要走很長的路,牛仔們一連幾個星期都得在露天的小路上看好、照顧好牛群。不管天氣如何,牛仔們必須沿著小路趕牛,穿越荒野。無論是人還是動物都要面對荒涼的草原帶來的挑戰。這里是孤獨的,每當夜幕降臨,狼的嚎叫和風的怒吼讓人感到更加恐怖。

        Across this strange land, no man in the early days of the West knew just where death was waiting for him. A listener hears the mournful feeling cowboys had for the prairie in this song called, "The Dying Cowboy."

        在美國西部開發的早期,在陌生的荒野里,沒人知道死亡在什么地方等待著他們。這種悲傷的感覺體現在一首叫"The Dying Cowboy"--《垂死的牛仔》的歌中。

        He does not want to be buried out in these wild lands -- in the lone prairie -- as the song says. Still, the dying cowboy does not get his wish. There is no choice. He can be buried only in the lone prairie in a narrow grave six by three.? Six feet deep and three feet wide.

        正如歌中所說,牛仔不想把自己埋葬在荒野里,然而,垂死的他別無選擇。他只能葬身于孤獨的荒野。他的墓穴只有六英尺深、三英尺寬。

        (MUSIC)

        BOB DOUGHTY:

        Our program was written by Harold Braverman. The narrator was Kay Gallant.? Transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our programs are online, along with historical images, at www.squishedblueberries.com. Join us again next week for THE MAKING OF A NATION - an American history series in VOA Special English.

        ___

        This is program #129

        網友的學習評論(1條):
        作者:perfect100
        5-8-2014 8:32:51
        Finally,I learn what's cowboy and the life of them.
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