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        #1: A Fresh Start to The Making of a Nation

        作者:Paul Thompson 發布日期:1-17-2013

        VOICE ONE:

        Welcome to THE MAKING OF A NATION -- American history in VOA Special English. I'm Shirley Griffith.

        VOICE TWO:

        The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.
        The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

        And I'm Steve Ember. Today history repeats itself. We start our series over again. The last time we were at the beginning was in February of two thousand three.

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE ONE:

        THE MAKING OF A NATION has a loyal following. In fact, listener research finds it the most popular weekly program in VOA Special English.

        It started in May of nineteen sixty-nine. Some people can remember when THE MAKING OF A NATION was on the radio two times a week. People who grew up listening to it are old enough now to listen with their own children, or even their grandchildren.

        The series tells a story. You can think of it not just as a series of programs about the history of America and its people, but a series of lessons. The subjects include exploration, revolution, civil war, social and political change, the rise of industry and modern technology, and more.

        建國史話講述了一個關于美國歷史和人民的故事,從探索新大陸,到獨立戰爭、南北戰爭、再到社會政治變遷,以及工業和現代科技的興起。

        VOICE TWO:

        We ended last week at program number two hundred thirty-eight. The subject was the presidential election of two thousand four. As time adds to the story, we add new programs to the series.

        In a sense, THE MAKING OF A NATION is a living history. Yet some of the announcers are no longer even alive after all these years.

        Here and there, too, the language may sound a little dated. For example, some of the programs call black people Negroes. The use of that term may be historically correct, but today the socially accepted name is African-American.

        Technology has also changed. Today THE MAKING OF A NATION is not just on radio but also on the Internet. At www.squishedblueberries.com, you can download MP3 files and transcripts. That way you can listen anytime or anyplace -- and read along. The site also includes archives, in case you ever miss a program.

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE ONE:

        So how was the nation made? Why did loyal citizens rebel against one nation and start their own, with different laws? THE MAKING OF A NATION answers these and other questions about American history.

        We tell the story of how a group of farmers, businessmen and lawyers wrote a document they called the Constitution of the United States. On September seventeenth, seventeen eighty-seven, delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia met one last time to sign it.

        我們要介紹美國獨立戰爭的前因后果,講述一群農民、商人和律師是如何擬定美國憲法,以及1787年9月17號憲法大會代表在費城簽署憲法的故事。

        We explain why that document is still extremely important today -- and not just to Americans. Other governments have used it as a guide to creating a modern democracy.

        我們要解釋美國憲法為什么至今依舊十分重要,成為很多國家建設現代民主的樣本。

        VOICE TWO:

        U.S. Constitution
        U.S. Constitution

        We explore why the writers of the Constitution included guarantees of freedom of speech and religion, and the right to a fair and public trial.

        我們要分析美國憲法的起草者為什么要把言論自由、宗教自由和接受公開公正審判的權利寫進憲法里。

        We also talk about the reasons for the American Revolution. One of the most important was the idea that citizens of a country should have a voice in its decisions.

        British citizens in the American colonies paid taxes but had no representatives in the British Parliament. Taxation without representation led to growing anger in the American colonies.

        我們還要討論美國獨立戰爭的原由。當時,美國殖民地上的英國公民雖然交稅,但在英國議會里卻沒有代表席位。"納稅無代表"的狀況引起了公憤。

        The leaders of the revolt made important changes. They decided that any free citizen could be a candidate for public office. And they made sure that all free men who owned land and paid taxes were permitted to vote.

        美國獨立戰爭的領導人們做出重大變動,規定凡是自由人都可以參加公職的選舉,而且擁有土地并且納稅的自由人都有權投票。

        Not until nineteen twenty did the Constitution give women the right to vote. Later, another change lowered the voting age for Americans from twenty-one to eighteen.

        但直到二十世紀二十年代,憲法才給予婦女投票 權。后來的一項修正案又把美國投票的法定年齡從21歲降低到了18歲。

        Our programs explain the thinking behind these and other rights. They also tell the story of each presidential election and presidency in American history.

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE ONE:

        THE MAKING OF A NATION explores the good and the bad in American history. For example, how could slavery exist in a nation whose people declared that "all men are created equal" and with a right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness?

        建國史話并不回避美國歷史上負面的東西。比如說,在一個宣稱"人人生而平等",有生存、自由和追求幸福的權利的國家里,怎么又會容忍奴隸的存在呢?

        Many programs tell about the ideas and issues that have shaped the United States. But most importantly, they tell about the people.

        建國史話主要講的是美國人民。

        George Washington
        George Washington

        For example, George Washington was a farmer before he became a military commander. He became president because the citizens of the new country wanted him as their first leader.

        After two terms, he gave up power by his own choice. He once again became a farmer and a private citizen. In his farewell address in seventeen ninety-six, he warned Americans about the dangers of political parties.

        比如說,美國開國總統喬治·華盛頓領導獨立戰爭之前是農場主,連任兩屆總統后,他主動放棄權力,又回去做他的農場主。他在1796 年的告別演說里,對美國政黨政治的危險提出了警告。

        Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. It told the world that the people of this new country would no longer answer to a European ruler.

        VOICE TWO:

        Abraham Lincoln
        Abraham Lincoln

        Some of the people who formed the United States into a nation during the seventeen hundreds were well educated and wealthy. Abraham Lincoln was not. Still, he grew up to become president.

        美國很多開國元勛都是有錢人,受過良好教育,但美國南北戰爭期間的總統林肯卻并非出生在富有的家庭。

        Abraham Lincoln became president during the eighteen sixties when several southern states decided they no longer wanted to be part of the United States. We tell how President Lincoln dealt with the terrible Civil War that almost split the country apart.

        他十九世紀六十年代任職期間,南部的幾個州決定脫離出去,差點兒造成國家的分裂,我們要回顧林肯是如何處理這場內戰的。

        VOICE ONE:

        One of our programs deals with a speech he gave in the little town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. A great battle had been fought there. President Lincoln had been asked to come to Gettysburg to say a few words at the dedication of a military burial place.

        我們將在節目中介紹林肯著名的蓋茨堡演說。

        The speech was short. President Lincoln honored the young men who had died on that bloody battlefield. He also told the world why the terrible war was being fought and why it was so important.

        "Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal."

        演說一上來是,"八十七年前,我們的父輩在這個大陸上創建了一個新國家,它孕育于自由之中,奉行人人生而平等的原則。"

        Those words were just the first sentence. After President Lincoln wrote the speech, he felt sad. He considered it a failure. In fact, his words earned the respect of history. You can hear the full Gettysburg Address in our programs about the life and presidency of Abraham Lincoln.

        林肯寫完這篇演說稿后,覺得很傷心,認為寫得很失敗,但是這篇講話卻經住了歷史的考驗,一直傳頌到今天。

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE TWO:

        THE MAKING OF A NATION touches on many different subjects. One of them is social change. For example, we tell about the changes that took place in the nineteen twenties, known as the Roaring Twenties.

        Many young people decided they no longer needed to follow the conservative traditions of their parents and grandparents. This was the age of jazz.

        建國史話涉及美國歷史的方方面面,其中一個重要領域是社會的變革。例如,我們要介紹二十世紀二十年代所謂"喧鬧的二十年代",那時候,很多年輕人覺得自己不必再遵循父母、祖父母保守的傳統觀念了,這也是爵士年代。

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE ONE:

        But music and social values were not the only things changing. The Roaring Twenties were also a time of fast-moving economic change. Productivity grew sharply. At the same time, the divide between rich and poor Americans grew wider.

        那個年代的變化并不局限于音樂和社會價值觀念,"喧鬧的二十年代"同時也是經濟巨變的時代,生產效率顯著提高,貧富分化也日益嚴重。

        By the end of the Roaring Twenties, the economy was ready to collapse. Then, in October of nineteen twenty-nine, the stock market crashed. What followed was an economic disaster worse than any the modern world has ever known.

        到"喧鬧的二十年代" 結束前,美國經濟已經走到了崩潰的邊緣。1929年10月,股市崩盤,引發了大蕭條--現代社會最嚴重的一次經濟災難。

        We examine the causes of the Great Depression and how it affected Americans and the rest of the world. We tell the story of people who lost their jobs, their homes and their hope for the future.

        VOICE TWO:

        Franklin Roosevelt was elected with a promise to bring the country out of the Depression. On March fourth, nineteen thirty-three, he was inaugurated to his first of four terms. He served longer than any other president in American history. We discuss Roosevelt's New Deal programs and his leadership during World War Two.

        弗蘭克林·羅斯福競選總統時,承諾要帶領美國走出大蕭條。1933年3月4號,羅斯福宣誓就職,后來成為美國歷史上任期最長的一位總統。我們要介紹著名的羅斯福新政的內容,以及他在第二次世界大戰中發揮的領導作用。

        But not all of the subjects on THE MAKING OF A NATION are so serious. We also look at the history of American popular culture and subjects like the rise of high technology. Something for everyone.

        不過,建國史話也不全是嚴肅的話題。我們也要回顧美國文化的歷史變遷。

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE ONE:

        Today's news is not only tomorrow's history, it will also become part of THE MAKING OF A NATION.

        今天的新聞不僅是明天的歷史,也會成為建國史話的一部分。

        But for now, we start again from the beginning. I'm Shirley Griffith.

        VOICE TWO:

        And I'm Steve Ember. Join us at this time next week and every week as we go back in time. Listen on radio or online at www.squishedblueberries.com as we bring you THE MAKING OF A NATION in VOA Special English.

        網友的學習評論(42條):
        作者:流櫻豪
        1-18-2013 12:52:51
        Good,I am the first.
        作者:weiwei
        1-19-2013 11:23:19
        it is a good way to learn english language and study american
        作者:love明
        1-21-2013 11:10:45
        good
        作者:逼上梁山
        1-26-2013 1:22:51
        Today's news is not only tomorrow's history, it will also become part of THE MAKING OF A NATION.
        作者:linda
        1-29-2013 9:38:9
        i love American history ,it's amazing
        作者:華晨
        1-29-2013 11:46:45
        The program of MAKING?。希? A NATION offers us a good chance to practice our listening skills and expand vocabulary. It is amzaing. I will follow this program in order to improve and enchance my english skills. Thank you for your elaborate program.
        作者:Maggie
        1-30-2013 12:23:31
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        作者:nova
        1-30-2013 15:53:56
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        作者:Maggie
        1-30-2013 18:47:46
        1.other governments have use it as a guide to creating a morden democracy. 這里to后面為什么不用create?2.but (as)a series of lesson我聽覺得應該有as 3. announcers我覺得MP3里面讀得有花音,不易聽。4.here and there聽成了herethen there 5. make sure因為MP3連讀,聽成may chore 6.led to 聽成let to還是語法不熟,let后面不會跟to的。6.address竟然還有演講的意思!7. score竟然還有20的意思 8.one of our program deal with a speech he gave in a little town 中he我聽不出來。9. our father brought forth聽成force
        1-30-2013 22:7:10
        I feel it a little long....
        作者:bigbird
        2-1-2013 0:54:41
        I will study ... ...
        作者:凱恩
        2-1-2013 18:3:11
        The American history~~
        作者:Andylu88888
        2-12-2013 7:11:35
        this is good!
        作者:pest
        2-19-2013 14:6:42
        Keep Studying......
        作者:karen
        2-19-2013 21:20:44
        Today's news is not only tomorrow' history,it will also become part of the MAKING OFTHE NATION
        作者:hhqcdc
        2-20-2013 12:58:23
        here it is, great help for us!
        作者:whyingjie
        3-2-2013 22:5:27
        OK!
        作者:vincent
        3-10-2013 9:1:23
        大家拿這份聽寫?
        作者:天馬行空
        3-17-2013 14:39:12
        1. a guide to creating 這里應該是 create 2. led to growing anger是正確的,這里growing is adj. , not v.ing \ led to is the past form of 'lead to' 導致
        作者:suifeng
        3-20-2013 22:11:7
        I have gradual known the general means of the title....it is too hard to me to say this in english
        作者:study English
        4-1-2013 16:52:31
        I major history in university,so I have a great interest in this program.I also want to find something difference between what I learn in class.
        作者:SoleWe
        4-10-2013 8:35:22
        learn voa english from here - learning its history!
        作者:xingzhewudi
        5-5-2013 23:49:51
        yeah,good
        作者:Echo.W
        5-12-2013 16:45:48
        這里用a guide to creating a modern democracy 我覺得用法可以采納1.本地人而且有文稿校隊所以很小幾率會錯2.根據英漢詞典第二版以及牛津詞典第七版,有例句顯示guide sb to sth,同時也有guide to sth,如果把create寫作creating動名詞實際上是動詞名詞化了,所以也可使用。Dear 天馬行空 and Maggie if you come back to this passage again,you will get a gift for your industry!
        作者:tukey
        6-12-2013 12:20:52
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        作者:sunshine
        6-16-2013 12:14:6
        good
        作者:sunshine
        6-16-2013 12:17:13
        I believe if everyone who majors in english sticks to listen and learn it every day ,they will improve their english level. So I will stick to it.
        作者:壹秒
        6-21-2013 8:27:56
        I hope I can persist.
        作者:sm-5241
        8-12-2013 12:37:41
        good!
        作者:Freychan
        9-1-2013 20:27:30
        decide to learn the making of nation in half years
        作者:Lunnin
        9-22-2013 13:18:41
        I come here first time
        作者:lsr
        10-30-2013 16:24:57
        A fresh Start to the making of a Nation
        作者:Richard
        12-23-2013 21:18:30
        Other governments have used it as a guide to creating a modern democracy.
        作者:凱恩
        1-13-2014 12:45:13
        One passage one day~~
        作者:bluebells
        3-12-2014 11:31:2
        sweet voice!worth listening to!
        作者:echo
        3-13-2014 10:14:1
        so good and so touched. The Constitution included gruarantees of freedom of speech and religion, and the right to fair and public trail.
        4-5-2014 23:28:2
        I'm English major.
        作者:photon
        6-30-2014 15:22:20
        After breaking up with each other and having a war, the US and the UK are still friends. This set up an example for the people and nations of following ages.
        作者:礦石山人
        12-21-2014 16:28:27
        A Fresh Start to The Making of a Nation
        作者:Melody
        12-24-2014 15:2:46
        I used to listen the Making of a Nation on radio . And I talked to myself today that I should have a regular study time about this program . I should not just browse in fits and starts . I need to stick to it . This program is very intersting and I can find all the useful and valuable information about the American History .
        作者:Tian
        9-28-2015 13:24:26
        挺不錯的
        作者:seacloud
        3-1-2018 7:21:3
        learning English for today.
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